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Guidance and online support

Developmental Concerns

A health visitor can assess your child’s development including speech and communication if you have any concerns.  Appropriate referrals can then be made if any concerns are highlighted. See the institute of health visiting guidance and resources here.


Speech and language support:

games and ideas for encouraging speech and language development and social and emotional skills

information about speech and language

information about speech and language development, includes progress checker for speech

Speech and language recourses for the early years and for parents


Toilet training

Every child is different; they learn to walk and talk at different times and they learn how to use the toilet at different times too. However, most children are ready to be potty trained between 18 months and 3 years. More guidance relating to toilet training can be more below:

How do I get my child ready for potty training?

When to start potty training 

Potty training tips

Bedtime and day wetting

Constipation and soiling


Healthy Weight and Nutrition

Your child grows and develops rapidly in their first years of life. But they also have relatively small tummies so the food and drink they eat has to provide all the energy and nutrients they need in a modest volume, without lots of salt and sugar which can damage short and long term he

Eating well is essential for children in their early years. Children from 1-4 years old need to eat well to establish good eating patterns, ensure they grow and develop appropriately, to protect their teeth and to ensure they arrive in school at a healthy body weight able to enjoy a variety of minimally processed foods. It is also important to ensure your child has the right amount of vitamins including vitamin D for their age.

See the Healthy Start website for more information.


The importance of Sleep

Sleep plays a crucial role in the development of young minds. In addition to having a direct effect on happiness3, research shows that sleep impacts alertness and attention4, cognitive performance5mood6, resiliency7vocabulary acquisition8, and learning and memory9. Sleep also has important effects on growth, especially in early infancy10. In toddlers, napping appears to be necessary for memory consolidation11executive attention12, and motor skill development13.

Useful links:



It is important that your baby has their immunisations at the right age – the first ones are given at eight weeks old. They will be given further doses of these immunisations when they are twelve weeks old and sixteen weeks old. Other immunisations are given at one year of age. Other immunisations are given later, see the table on the back cover of this leaflet

Useful links:



Accidents to children are a significant health issue, being a major cause of preventable death, serious injury and long-term disability across the UK.

Under-5s are particularly at risk of being injured in-home accidents, with falls accounting for the majority of non-fatal accidents and threats to breathing such as suffocation, strangulation and choking causing the highest number of deaths.

Most home accidents are preventable through increased awareness, improvements in the home environment and greater product safety. Younger children have a higher percentage of burns and scalds as well as poisoning and ingestion accidents.

Useful links: